Qualitative improvement of camel milk date yoghurt by addition of biosynthesized xanthan from orange waste

Ali Mohsin, Hui Ni, Yanxia Luo, Yanlong Wei, Xiwei Tian, Wenyan Guan, Muhammad Ali, Imran Mahmood Khan, Sobia Niazi, Salim ur Rehman, Yingping Zhuang, Meijin Guo

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Camel milk is worldwide known for its profound nutritional value. However, the poor curd formation of camel milk renders low consumer acceptability. In current study, xanthan gum was added in the production process to attain an adequate firmness factor. Further for enhancing consumer acceptability, dates paste was also added. Storage study was performed four times after an elapse of every 7 days to confirm the product quality for corresponding fractions (0.25, 0.5 and 0.75%) of biosynthesized xanthan (BX) and 1% gelatin as control. Moreover, the rheological measurements were performed and the experimental data were assessed by Herschel-Bulkley model. With the addition of BX, the camel milk date yoghurt (CMDY) demonstrated the shear-thinning behavior with pseudoplastic fluid characteristics. The rheological properties of CMDY were significantly improved in correspondence to higher concentration of BX. Relatively, 0.75% of BX addition resulted in the best texture of yoghurt and obtained an average firmness of 445 ± 34.11 g. Furthermore, confocal CSLM and SEM micrographs demonstrated the detail microstructure of all yoghurt samples. Specifically, addition of 0.75% BX in yoghurt sample demonstrated a strengthened (dense) network of casein micelles. Lastly, the addition of 0.75% BX along with 10% dates paste significantly enhanced the sensory characteristics of CMDY.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalLWT - Food Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Biosynthesized xanthan
  • Camel milk
  • Date paste
  • Rheology
  • Yoghurt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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