Psychological capital: A review and synthesis

Alexander Newman, Deniz Ucbasaran, Fei Zhu, Giles Hirst

    Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

    285 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The concept of psychological capital (PsyCap) has attracted a great deal of interest from both academics and practitioners and has been linked to employee attitudes, behavior and performance at different levels of analysis. Yet, the nature of the concept, its measurement, the factors that influence its development, and when and how it influences individual-level, team-level and organizational-level outcomes are the subject of continued debate in the literature. This article offers a detailed and focused review of the existing literature on PsyCap, with the aim of developing an agenda for future research. In particular, we call for researchers to pay greater attention to possible multi-level applications of PsyCap research, examine the underlying mechanisms by which PsyCap influences individual-level, team-level and organizational-level outcomes, and identify possible factors that may moderate the relationship between PsyCap and its outcomes. In doing this, we provide a roadmap for scholars to progress the development of the field.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S120-S138
    JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
    Volume35
    Issue numberSUPPL.1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

    Keywords

    • Leadership
    • Psychological capital (PsyCap)
    • Work outcomes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Psychology (all)
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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