Prevalence and pattern of refractive errors in children

Muhammad Sajid Munir, Sajid Hussain Sherazi, Rabeya Rehman, Imran Mahmood Khan, Muhammad Arshad, Shahidnazir

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Aim: To find out the prevalence and pattern of refractive error in children Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and duration of study: Department of Ophthalmology& Department of Pediatric, Niazi Medical and Dental College Sargodha from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2019. Methodology: All the children come in the OPD for refraction or referred from Pediatric Department due to decrease of vision were included and comprised 250 children. All children were examined by the optometrist and ophthalmologist. Objective and subjective refraction were performed and relevant data was recorded by the optometrist. Results: There were 175(70%) females and 75(30%) were males. The major refractive errors were myopia 40% and astigmatism 16% above age of 5 years and <5 years, hypermetropia 24% was dominant finding. A significant number of children also suffer from malnutrition and present as a migraine (25%), blurring of vision (30%) and asthenopic symptoms (50%). Amblyopia was also seen. It was also challenging problem and parents and children were counsel about it and treat it. Conclusion: An increased prevalence was seen particularly myopia and astigmatism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-527
Number of pages3
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Asthenopia
  • Astigmatism
  • Hypermetropia
  • Myopia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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