Preparation and characterization of starch-based composite films reinforced by cellulose nanofibers

Mahyar Fazeli, Meysam Keley, Esmaeil Biazar

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study deals with the preparation and characterization of polysaccharide-based biocomposite films acquired by the incorporation of cellulose nanofiber within glycerol plasticized matrix formed by starch. The application of starch-based films is limited due to highly hydrophilic nature and poor mechanical properties. These problems are solved by forming a nanocomposite of thermoplastic starch (TPS) as matrix and cellulose nanofiber (CNF) as reinforcement. CNF is successfully prepared from short henequen fibers which consist of almost 60% cellulose by a chemo-mechanical process. TPS/CNF composite films are prepared by the polymer solution casting method, and their characterizations are obtained by water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), oxygen transmission rate (OTR), X-ray diffraction, light transmittance and tensile test. The 0.4 wt% CNF loaded TPS films showed approximately the maximum improvement in tensile strength. Tensile strength and elastic modulus increased by up to 80% and 170% respectively. Above 0.5 wt% CNF, tensile strength starts to deteriorate. WVTR and OTR results show improvement in water vapor barrier properties of TPS matrix. The AFM analysis shows the topography of the surface of the nanocomposite. The morphology of nanofibers is studied by using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-280
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biocomposite
  • Cellulose nanofiber
  • Nanocomposite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy (all)

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