Potential of hydrogen production from biomass

Pengmei Lu, Jie Chang, Zuhong Xiong, Chuangzhi Wu, Yong Chen, Jingxu Zhu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An experimental study of hydrogen production from biomass was conducted using a bench-scale fluidized bed gasifier. Parametric experiments were performed to determine the effects of reaction temperature, steam to biomass ratio (S/B), equivalence ratio (ER) and catalysts. The catalysts used were dolomites and nickel-based catalysts and were located in gasifier and a downstream fixed reactor, respectively. Of the conditions tested without catalysts, hydrogen yield ranges between 22 and 71g H2 per kg of biomass (wet basis) and hydrogen yield potential ranges between 115 and 223 g H2 per kg of biomass (wet basis). The experimental results prove that higher reaction temperature; proper ER and S/B will contribute to more hydrogen production. Dolomites and nickel-based catalysts show to be very active and useful for increasing hydrogen yield and gas conditioning.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy and the Environment - Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and the Environmental
EditorsK. Chen, T.W. Tong, G. Sarlos
Pages215-220
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventEnergy and the Environment - Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and the Environment - Shanghai, China
Duration: 1 Dec 20031 Dec 2003

Publication series

NameEnergy and the Environment - Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and the Environment
Volume1

Conference

ConferenceEnergy and the Environment - Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and the Environment
Country/TerritoryChina
CityShanghai
Period1/12/031/12/03

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Catalytic gasification
  • Hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)

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