Polystyrene/Sn-Pb alloy blends. II. Effect of alloy particle surface treatment on dynamic rheological behavior

Xiang Wu Zhang, Yi Pan, Qiang Zheng, Xiao Su Yi

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of filler surface treatment on the dynamic rheological behaviors of polystyrene filled with Sn-Pb alloy particles was tested below and above the melting temperature (Tm) of the alloy. The mechanical relaxation relevant to the Tm of the alloy in the composite was diminished by the filler surface pretreatment. In the whole temperature range of interest, there existed a secondary plateau of the storage modulus at low frequencies. The effect of alloy particle surface treatment on the plateau was related to the matter-state change (from solid to liquid) of the alloy. Above the Tm of the alloy, the surface treatment of the alloy affected the secondary plateau, but below the Tm′ it did not. The analyses of Cole-Cole diagrams of the systems suggested that untreated and pretreated alloy fillers all retarded the relaxation processes in the molten state of polystyrene below the Tm of the alloy and that the relaxation process was separated into the high-frequency relaxation of the phases and the low-frequency relaxation of the droplets above the Tm. The surface treatments of the alloy filler further enhanced this action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3173-3179
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Alloys
  • Composites
  • Melting point
  • Rheology
  • Surfaces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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