Polymer nanocomposites: an overview

Idrees Khan, Ibrahim Khan, Khalid Saeed, Nisar Ali, Noor Zada, Adnan Khan, Farman Ali, Muhammad Bilal, Mohammed Salim Akhter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingBook Chapterpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposites are a new class of composite materials containing inorganic nanoparticles dispersed in organic polymer matrix to improve its performance properties. Polymer nanocomposites have two components: polymer and the nano-fillers. The introduction of nano-fillers into the polymer matrix combines the advantages of both the materials. Polymer nanocomposite may be classified based on the morphology of the obtained polymer nanocomposites, dimension of nanomaterials, thermal response, and class of polymers. Polymer nanocomposites can be prepared by many methods, but the most common methods are solution dispersion, in situ polymerization, and melt extrusion. Polymer nanocomposites display excellent properties such as magnetic efficiency, electrical properties, and barrier resistance. The important advantages of polymer nanocomposites are due to increased stiffness, increased resistance to fire, increased thermal and dimensional stability, good optical properties, and improved barrier effect. Owing to extraordinary properties and potential applications, polymer nanocomposites are utilized in different emerging areas such as in medical, electrical, catalytic, sensors, and environmental fields.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart Polymer Nanocomposites
Subtitle of host publicationDesign, Synthesis, Functionalization, Properties, and Applications
PublisherElsevier
Pages167-184
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780323916110
ISBN (Print)9780323916127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Polymer
  • applications
  • nanocomposite
  • nanofillers
  • preparation
  • properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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