We consider some of the social, political, and economic factors that led to the mass production of glass, especially during the ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Scientific analysis is used to investigate glass production, and consider how these factors can be used to interpret the results having defined glass technology and its provenance for glass derived from a 2000-mile area of the Middle East, between Egypt and northern Iran. The results show evidence of production in the Levant, northern Syria, and Iran/Iraq as well as sub-zones associated with cosmopolitan urban centers in Cairo, Beirut, Damascus, Al-Raqqa, Samarra, Ctesiphon, and Nishapur and specialized production of specific vessel types. It is shown that glass trade occurred between these hubs with limited recycling within a decentralized production system forming part of the ‘Abbasid economic boom.
|Title of host publication||From artificial stone to transparent mass product: innovations in glass technology and their social consequences between the Bronze Age and antiquity|
|Number of pages||287|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Jan 2021|
|Name||Berlin Studies of the Ancient World|
- Silk Road
- production model