Physicochemical properties of bamboo leaf aerogels synthesized via different modes of gelation

Kien Woh Kow, Rozita Yusoff, A. R.Abdul Aziz, E. C. Abdullah

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aerogels with ultralow silica concentration (3.5 %) was synthesized using bamboo leaf. The synthesis of aerogel was carried out in different pH to study the effect of gelation mechanisms on the properties of aerogel. Aerogel synthesized at acidic pH has generally exhibits more attractive properties, i.e. low shrinkage (24.3%), large specific surface area (547.2 m 2 g -1 ), large pore volume (2.72 cm 3 g -1 ) and low thermal conductivity (0.024 W m -1 K -1 ). As comparison, the aerogel synthesized at basic condition has different properties, in which it has small pore volume (0.287 cm 3 g -1 ) and pore size (11.44 nm), large primary particles (6.69 nm), small specific surface area (247.7 m 2 g -1 ), low degree of fractality (6.69), strong absorption of water and relatively high thermal conductivity (0.0415 W m -1 K -1 ). Properties of aerogels synthesized were also compared with aerogels synthesized using conventional TEOS precursor. The difference in the gelation mechanisms was discussed in detailed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-172
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume301
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bamboo leaf
  • Gelation
  • Silica aerogel
  • Silylation
  • Water glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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