Phase behaviour and conductivity study of electrolytes in supercritical hydrofluorocarbons

Philip N. Bartlett, David C. Cook, Michael W. George, Jie Ke, William Levason, Gillian Reid, Wenta Su, Wenjian Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this work was to characterise supercritical hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) that can be used as solvents for electrodeposition. The phase behaviour of CHF3, CH2F2, and CH 2FCF3 containing [NBun4][BF 4], [NBun4][B{3,5-C6H 3(CF3)2}4] and Na[B{3,5-C 6H3(CF3)2}4] was studied and the conditions for forming a single supercritical phase established. Although all three HFCs are good solvents for [NBun 4][BF4] the results show that the CH2F 2 system has the lowest pr for dissolving a given amount of [NBun4][BF4]. The solubility of Na[B{3,5-C6H3(CF3)2}4] in CH2F2 was found to be unexpectedly high. Studies of the phase behaviour of CH2F2 containing [NBun 4][BF4] and [Cu(CH3CN)4][BF 4] showed that the copper complex was unstable in the absence of CH3CN. For CHF3, [Cu(hfac)2] was more soluble and more stable than [Cu(CH3CN)4][BF4] and only increased the phase-separation pressure by a moderate amount. Studies of the conductivity of [NBun4][B(C6F5) 4], [NBun4][B{3,5-C6H 3(CF3)2}4], [NRfBu n3][B{3,5-C6H3(CF3) 2}4] (Rf = (CH2)3C 7F15), and Na[B{3,5-C6H3(CF 3)2}4] were carried out in scCH 2F2. The results show that these salts are more conducting than [NBun4][BF4] under the same conditions although the increase is much less significant than that reported in previous work in supercritical CO2 + CH3CN. Consequently, either [NBun4][BF4] or the corresponding BARF salts would be suitable background electrolytes for electrodeposition from scCH 2F2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-198
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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