Performance and bacterial community structure of a novel inverse fluidized bed bioreactor (IFBBR) treating synthetic municipal wastewater

Haolong Wang, Xiaoqin He, George Nakhla, Jesse Zhu, Yi Kai Su

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of a lab-scale integrated anoxic and aerobic inverse fluidized bed bioreactors (IFBBR) for biological nutrient removal from synthetic municipal wastewater was studied at chemical oxygen demand (COD) loading rates of 0.34–2.10 kg COD/(m3-d) and nitrogen loading rates of 0.035–0.213 kg N/(m3-d). Total COD removal efficiencies of >84% were achieved, concomitantly with complete nitrification. The overall nitrogen removal efficiencies were >75%. Low biomass yields of 0.030–0.101 g VSS/g COD were achieved. Compared with other FBBR systems, the energy consumption for this IFBBR system was an average 59% less at organic loading rates (OLRs) of 1.02 and 2.10 kg COD/(m3-d). Bacterial community structures of attached and suspended biomass revealed that the dominant phyla were Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Epsilonbacteraeota, etc. The relative abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOBs) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOBs) in the aerobic attached biomass were 0.451% and 0.110%, respectively. COD mass balance in the anoxic zone was closed by consideration of sulfate reduction, which was confirmed by the presence of genus Chlorobium (sulfate-reducing bacteria) in the anoxic attached biofilm with a relative abundance of 0.32%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137288
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume718
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA
  • Energy consumption
  • IFBBR
  • Low biomass yield
  • Nitrification-denitrification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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