Passive cooling energy systems: holistic SWOT analyses for achieving urban sustainability

Ali Cheshmehzangi, Ayotunde Dawodu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


In urban sustainability, passive cooling energy systems are recognised as primary design factors that highlight efficient and performative buildings. In the literature, there is a gap in addressing these design systems in the form of strategies that holistically suggest sustainable energy systems, cleaner built environments, and urban sustainability. This study fills this gap by conducting a comprehensive SWOT analysis of all major passive cooling energy systems. In doing so, the study highlights key implications from a multi-indicator perspective comprised of five primary indicators, ‘energy’, ‘policy’, ‘practice’, ‘health’, and ‘environment’. These indicators are significant for disciplines of sustainable energy systems and the built environment. Through an in-depth interdependency evaluation of these indicators, this study assesses the passive energy systems across three spatial levels of macro, meso, and micro. Finally, this paper provides a holistic overview of these sustainable energy systems from the policy and practice perspectives across the three spatial levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-842
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Energy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2020


  • Passive cooling
  • SWOT analysis
  • energy systems
  • spatial levels
  • urban sustainability
  • ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • General Energy
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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