Parents' attitude, awareness and behaviour towards influenza vaccination in Pakistan

Allah Bukhsh, Habib Rehman, Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Humera Ata, Inayat Ur Rehman, Learn Han Lee, Bey Hing Goh, Tahir Mehmood Khan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


National immunization program of Pakistan does not include Influenza vaccines. The low rate of immunization might be attributed to the poor knowledge of influenza vaccination in Pakistan. Current study was aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of influenza vaccination among parents. A questionnaire-based cross sectional study was conducted among randomly selected parents with at least one child aged >6 months. The responses were recorded against 27 items questionnaire assessing knowledge, perception, attitude and behaviours of parents. Data were analysed by using appropriate statistical methods. A total 532 responses were recorded with male gender preponderance (65%). Most of the parents (61.1%) reported that their children had received or planned to receive all recommended vaccines in Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) of Pakistan. Only one third of the parents (24.4%) were aware of the availability of influenza vaccines in Pakistan, and very few (6.6%) reported vaccinating their child against influenza. Exploring the parents' attitudes regarding children vaccination, the top motivator was ‘immunization is important to keep my children healthy' (relative index = 0.93, p < 0.000). However, substantial number of parents believed that influenza is not a serious disease (18.5%) and vaccines are accompanied by several side effects (24.6%). A positive attitude was reflected among parents who were aware of influenza vaccines in Pakistan. About 35% participants believed that influenza vaccines are not required for healthy children. Current study demonstrated very low vaccination rate against influenza. Awareness and health literacy regarding influenza vaccine is poor among parents. These findings necessitate the need to appropriately structured awareness programs regarding influenza vaccination among parents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)952-957
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Influenza
  • Pakistan
  • expanded program on immunization
  • knowledge
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology


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