Oscillatory noncontinuum gas flows at the micro and nanoscales are characterized by two dimensionless groups: A dimensionless molecular length scale, the Knudsen number Kn, and a dimensionless frequency θ, relating the oscillatory frequency to the molecular collision frequency. In a recent study [Shi, Phys. Rev. E 89, 033305 (2014)10.1103/PhysRevE.89.033305], the accuracy of the lattice Boltzmann (LB) method for simulating these flows at moderate-to-large Kn and θ was examined. In these cases, the LB method exhibits spurious numerical oscillations that cannot be removed through the use of discrete particle velocities drawn from higher-order Gauss-Hermite quadrature. Here, we identify the origin of these spurious effects and formulate a method to minimize their presence. This proposed method splits the linearized Boltzmann Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) equation into two equations: (1) a homogeneous "gain-free equation" that can be solved directly, containing terms responsible for the spurious oscillations; and (2) an inhomogeneous "remainder equation" with homogeneous boundary conditions (i.e., stationary boundaries) that is solved using the conventional LB algorithm. This proposed "splitting method" is validated using published high-accuracy numerical solutions to the linearized Boltzmann BGK equation where excellent agreement is observed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics