Optoelectronic Analysis of Bismuth Sulfide and Copper-Doped Bismuth Sulfide Thin Films

Tanzeela Fazal, Shahid Iqbal, Mazloom Shah, Qaiser Mahmood, Bushra Ismail, Rami M. Alzhrani, Nasser S. Awwad, Hala A. Ibrahium, Shahid Alam, Muhammad Yasir, Ahmed Shuja Syed

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3), which has an optimal bandgap range and high absorption coefficient, is an attractive candidate for photovoltaic applications. Undoped and Cu-doped Bi2S3 thin films with different Cu content have been deposited by the solution growth technique. Bismuth nitrate and thioacetamide were used as bismuth and sulfur precursors, while ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid was used as the complexing agent. The results show that all the deposited thin films are appreciated absorbers in the UV–Vis region. Results from the spectrophotometer showed that values of refractive index (n) ranged between 1.4 and 1.8 with an extinction coefficient (k) of 0.12–0.42. PL analysis showed a strong characteristic peak of Bi2S3 at 555 nm while the intensity gradually reduces with increasing Cu2+ content. Parental intrinsic defects of orthorhombic Bi2S3 make it an n-type charge carrier which incorporates Cu2+ in the orthorhombic crystal phase. The crystal lattice also prefers to act as a donor by increasing the number of electron carriers in Bi2S3 thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2809-2816
Number of pages8
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Engineering (all)


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