Optimized rotor structural design methodology for high-speed electrical machines based on mechanical characteristics

Liaoyuan Ran, Dunant Halim, Chung Ket Thein, Michael Galea, Weiduo Zhao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In high-speed electrical machines (HSEM), mechanical vibration associated with critical speeds of rotor systems can be detrimental to the machine operational stability, especially for vibration near resonances. The structural sizing of a rotor system is often constrained to its mechanical parameters, such as its overall weight, maximum torque, and rated power, which complicate the design, necessitating an iterative design optimization process. This work presents a systematic and iterative rotor structural sizing optimization methodology that incorporates semi-analytical and numerical modeling, specifically taking into account multiple mechanical design parameters from the static, rotordynamic, and electromagnetic-thermal evaluation. The proposed methodology provides an effective design optimization procedure for a general application of HSEM to accelerate its design process, by which the power density and the dynamics stability during high-speed operation are optimized simultaneously. A parametric analysis was carried out where a 24-kW, 12,000-rpm aviation starter-generator was optimized. It was demonstrated that the power density of the machine could be increased by 14.7% from 2.3 to 2.6 kW/kg, while the critical speed was increased by 128.6% from 1,400 to 3,200 Hz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2984-3006
Number of pages23
JournalMechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished Online - 12 Apr 2023


  • multi-disciplinary optimization
  • permanent magnet machines
  • rotor structures
  • Structural design methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Mathematics
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimized rotor structural design methodology for high-speed electrical machines based on mechanical characteristics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this