Open-Circuit Air-Gap Magnetic Field Calculation of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with V-Shaped Segmented Skewed Poles Using Hybrid Analytical Method

Yuansheng An, Conggan Ma, Nic Zhang, Yue Guo, Michele Degano, Chris Gerada, Qiongyao Li, Shengsen Zhou

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to the local inhomogeneous magnetic saturation of the core of the interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM), the magnetic field changes nonlinearly, which makes the analytical calculation of the magnetic field difficult. Therefore, the calculation of the magnetic field mostly relies on the finite element method (FEM). However, the high computation cost of FEM restricts the efficiency of the design and analysis of IPMSM. In this article, an analytical model (AM) of slotless open-circuit air-gap magnetic field (OC-AG-MF) of IPMSM with V-shaped segmented skewed poles is derived by combining the subdomain method (SDM) and the magnetic equivalent circuit (MEC) method, and then, the AM of slotted OC-AG-MF of IPMSM with V-shaped segmented skewed poles is obtained by introducing the complex relative permeance. To show the effectiveness of the novel AM, the OC-AG-MF and cogging torque of an IPMSM with V-shaped segmented skewed poles for electric vehicles are calculated by the AM and FEM, respectively. The spatial order, amplitude-frequency characteristics, and the 3-D spatial distribution of the OC-AG-MF are analyzed. Finally, the accuracy of the AM is experimentally verified by direct measurement of OC-AG-MF and no-load back electromotive force (EMF) of the motor. The AM proposed in this article is shown to accurately calculate the radial and tangential components of OC-AG-MF of IPMSM with V-shaped segmented skewed poles considering rotor magnetic bridge saturation effect and stator slotting effect. Meanwhile, the efficiency of the design and analysis of the motor is expected to be improved due to the reduced computational effort compared to the prevalent FEM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hybrid analytical method
  • interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM)
  • magnetic bridge saturation
  • open-circuit air-gap magnetic field (OC-AG-MF)
  • V-shaped segmented skewed poles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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