Automated Fingerprint Recognition Systems (AFRSs) have been threatened by Presentation Attack (PA) since its existence. It is thus desirable to develop effective presentation attack detection (PAD) methods. However, the unpredictable PAs make PAD be a challenging problem. This paper proposes a novel One-Class PAD (OCPAD) method for Optical Coherence Technology (OCT) images based fingerprint PA detection. The proposed OCPAD model is learned from a training set only consists of Bonafides (i.e. real fingerprints). The reconstruction error and latent code obtained from the trained auto-encoder network in the proposed model is taken as the basis for the following spoofness score calculation. To get more accurate reconstruction error, we propose an activation map based weighting model to further refine the accuracy of reconstruction error. We test different statistics and distance measures and finally use a decision level fusion to make the final prediction. Our experiments are performed using a dataset with 93200 bonafide scans and 48400 PA scans. The results show that the proposed OCPAD can achieve a True Positive Rate (TPR) of 99.43% when the False Positive Rate (FPR) equals to 10% and a TPR of 96.59% when FPR=5%, which significantly outperformed a feature based approach and a supervised learning based model requiring PAs for training.
- optical coherence technology
- Presentation attack detection
- unsupervised learning system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design