Nutrigenomics Hypothesis: Examining the Association Between Food Stamp Program Participation and Bodyweight Among Low-Income Women

Zhuo Chen, Qi Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the association between food stamp program participation and bodyweight among 1,723 eligible women who were respondents of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Cohort. The study sample was stratified by race/ethnicity and two time periods, i. e., 1987-1996, 1998-2002, to allow for genetic and cultural differences and a potential structural break due to the 1996 welfare reform. We test a hypothesis based on the nutrigenomic literature suggesting that genetic heterogeneities result in varying effects of nutrition or food-borne components on metabolism. Differences in socioeconomic characteristics between participants and eligible non-participants were identified. We find a positive association between food stamp program participation and bodyweight among Hispanic women, particularly those of foreign-born.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-520
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Food stamp program
  • National longitudinal survey of youth
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Economics and Econometrics

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