Numerical simulation of turbulent flow characteristic in a curved pipe with a baffle

Xin Yu Zhang, Zhen Hai Xia, Jian Ren Fan, Ke Fa Cen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


A numerical study on the characteristics of developing turbulent flow in a curved pipe with a baffle was carried out in body-fitted coordinates with the k-ε model turbulence. A curved duct of square cross-section was examined first, and the results agree very well with the experimental data. Then two kinds of pipes, a normal curved pipe and that with a baffle were studied. The computational results are presented and compared with each other to illustrate the changes of the flow after adding the baffle. The longitudinal velocity in the pipe with a baffle was characterized by outer velocity bigger than the inner one. The secondary flow was characterized by four-vortex structure with the intensity reduced, which results in the equability of the flow field of the cross-section compared with that without a baffle, and has much more significant meaning in engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hydrodynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Curved pipe with a baffle
  • Numerical simulation
  • Secondary flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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