Dynamic loadings such as earthquake loadings can generate considerable principal stress rotation (PSR) in the saturated soil. The PSR without changes of principal stress magnitudes can generate additional excess pore water pressures and plastic strains, thus accelerating liquefaction in undrained conditions. This paper simulates a centrifuge model test using the fully coupled finite element method considering the PSR. The impact of PSR under the earthquake loading is taken into account by using an elastoplastic soil model developed on the basis of a kinematic hardening soil model with the bounding surface concept. The soil model considers the PSR by treating the stress rate generating the PSR independently. The capability of this soil model is verified by comparing the numerical predictions and experimental results. It also indicates that the PSR impact can not be ignored in predictions of soil liquefaction.
- Earthquake loading
- Elastoplastic model
- Principal stress rotation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Soil Science