Nonprofit behavior altered by monetary donations: evidence from the U.S. hospice Industry

Miao Guo, Lei Guo, Yang Li

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


This study investigates whether reliance on monetary donations alters nonprofit firms’ behaviors. Specifically, in the hospice industry, a shorter patients’ length of stay (LOS) speeds up overall patient turnover, allowing a hospice to serve more patients and expand its donation network. We measure hospices’ donation reliance using the donation–revenue ratio, which indicates the importance of donations for revenue structure. By exploiting the supply shifter of donation, we adopt the number of donors as an instrument to control for the potential endogeneity issue. Our result suggests that a one-percentage-point increase in the donation–revenue ratio decreases patient LOS by 8%. Hospices that are more reliant on donations serve patients diagnosed with diseases that have shorter life expectancies to achieve a lower average LOS of all patients’ stay. Overall, we find that monetary donations alter the behavior of nonprofit organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Health Economics
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2023


  • Nonprofit
  • Hospice
  • Monetary donation
  • Length of stay
  • Financial incentive


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