With many years of development, sea transportation has become saturated, and the recent construction of land bridge has brought new development opportunities for sea transportation. In particular, China’s Belt and Road (BRI) initiative links the Eurasian continent on land, which will bring new transportation opportunities. The traditional maritime transportation industry has formed a well-structured information management and exchange system, and the road and rail transportation on land also has its own information management methods. The new BRI will promote the status of land transportation in the entire transportation industry, and attempt to form a new method of transportation based on land transportation and supplemented by sea transportation. This chapter will analyse the existing maritime and land transportation and list possible new research directions.