Negative Employment Changes During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Psychological Distress: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Survey in the U.S

Timothy A. Matthews, Liwei Chen, Zhuo Chen, Xuesong Han, Lu Shi, Yan Li, Ming Wen, Donglan Zhang, Hongmei Li, Dejun Su, Jian Li

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of negative employment changes during the COVID-19 pandemic with mental health in a national sample of U.S. workers, and whether the associations differed by race. METHODS: Data were from the Health, Ethnicity, and Pandemic Study, a cross-sectional survey. The effects of negative employment changes on psychological distress in 1510 workers were examined via linear regression, and stratified analyses were conducted across racial subgroups. RESULTS: After adjustment for covariates, compared to workers with no change in employment, those who experienced permanent job loss had the highest psychological distress (β and 95% CI = 3.27 [1.89, 4.65]). Permanent job loss had the greatest effect on psychological distress in Blacks and Asians. CONCLUSION: Negative employment changes related to the pandemic may have deleterious impacts on workers' mental health, with disproportionate effects on racial minorities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-937
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Volume63
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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