Multi-Agent Intention Progression with Black-Box Agents

Michael Dann, Yuan Yao, Brian Logan, John Thangarajah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a new approach to intention progression in multi-agent settings where other agents are effectively black boxes. That is, while their goals are known, the precise programs used to achieve these goals are not known. In our approach, agents use an abstraction of their own program called a partially-ordered goal-plan tree (pGPT) to schedule their intentions and predict the actions of other agents. We show how a pGPT can be derived from the program of a BDI agent, and present an approach based on Monte Carlo Tree Search (MCTS) for scheduling an agent's intentions using pGPTs. We evaluate our pGPT-based approach in cooperative, selfish and adversarial multi-agent settings, and show that it out-performs MCTS-based scheduling where agents assume that other agents have the same program as themselves.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2021
EditorsZhi-Hua Zhou
PublisherInternational Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780999241196
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: 19 Aug 202127 Aug 2021

Publication series

NameIJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
ISSN (Print)1045-0823


Conference30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2021
CityVirtual, Online

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence


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