MOF for template-directed growth of well-oriented nanowire hybrid arrays on carbon nanotube fibers for wearable electronics integrated with triboelectric nanogenerators

Jingxin Zhao, Huayang Li, Chaowei Li, Qichong Zhang, Juan Sun, Xiaona Wang, Jiabin Guo, Liyan Xie, Jixun Xie, Bing He, Zhenyu Zhou, Conghua Lu, Weibang Lu, Guang Zhu, Yagang Yao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An integrated self-charging power system incorporating flexible fiber-shaped coaxial asymmetric supercapacitors (FASCs) with flexible triboelectric nanogenerators (FTENGs) has the potential to harvest and store energy simultaneously for achieving self-charged power pack. In this study, we develops a new strategy for fabricating a metal-organic framework (MOF) for the template-directed growth of hierarchically well-oriented nanowire arrays based on carbon nanotube fibers (CNTFs) for electrochemical supercapacitors. Uniform CNTFs@ZnCo2O4@Zn-Co-S hybrid arrays (HAs) derived from a zinc/cobalt-based zeolitic imidazolate framework (Zn/Co-ZIF) are first fabricated via a facile annealing and sulfuration process and a CNTFs@H-Co3O4@CoNC HA derived from a Co-based MOF is synthesized via oxidation and carbonization processes; the products act as positive and negative electrodes respectively in the assembled FASCs. The as-prepared CNTFs@ZnCo2O4@Zn-Co-S HAs and CNTFs@H-Co3O4@CoNC HAs are endowed with rich reaction sites, a facile ion diffusion path, and improved conductivity because of their unique hierarchical structure and good synergistic effect, which improves the electrochemical properties of the MOF derivatives. In addition, the assembled FASCs device exhibits a remarkable electrochemical performance with excellent rate capability. This study provides a strategy for the rational design of hierarchically structured, well-oriented MOFs and derivative arrays with high electrochemical performance and mechanical flexibility. Moreover, the flexible fiber-shaped MOF–derivative HA asymmetric supercapacitor is charged by a flexible triboelectric nanogenerator, demonstrating the promise of an self-charging power pack that has considerable potential for developing flexible multifunctional electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-431
Number of pages12
JournalNano Energy
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CNTFs@ZnCoO@Zn-Co-S hybrid arrays
  • Flexible fiber-shaped coaxial asymmetric supercapacitor
  • Flexible triboelectric nanogenerators
  • Hierarchical structure
  • Wearable electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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