Modulating active oxygen species on α-MnO2 with K and Pb for SCR of NO at low temperatures

Gang Yang, Xiang Luo, Shuai Liu, Chenggong Sun, Tao Wu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Low-temperature (LT) selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx has been a research hotspot. However, the roles of oxygen vacancies and active oxygen species in the LT SCR process are still unclear. In this study, we categorized surface-active oxygen species into three groups: Ong (capable of oxidizing NH3 into nitrogen gas), Olg (capable of oxidizing NH3 into laughing gas), and Ono (capable of oxidizing NH3 into nitric oxide). Accordingly, the influence of Pb and K doping on the active oxygen species of α-MnO2 and its LT SCR performance were investigated. The results demonstrate that K doping reduces the generation of Ono while enhancing the production of Ong and Olg. In contrast, Pb doping inhibits the formation of Ong species and decreases the temperature threshold for Ono species generation. Thus, K doping facilitated the SCR performance, while Pb doping improved the NH3 oxidation and reduced the NOx conversion. DFT calculations revealed that K incorporated in the tunnels of MnO2 facilitated NH3 adsorption and reduced the energy barrier for activation, while Pb doping inhibited NH3 adsorption and increased the energy barrier for NH3 activation. The findings provide valuable insight into the roles of active oxygen species and oxygen vacancies in the low-temperature SCR process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6685-6698
Number of pages14
JournalCatalysis Science and Technology
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis


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