Mixed-decomposed convolutional network: A lightweight yet efficient convolutional neural network for ocular disease recognition

Xiaoqing Zhang, Xiao Wu, Zunjie Xiao, Lingxi Hu, Zhongxi Qiu, Qingyang Sun, Risa Higashita, Jiang Liu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Eye health has become a global health concern and attracted broad attention. Over the years, researchers have proposed many state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to assist ophthalmologists in diagnosing ocular diseases efficiently and precisely. However, most existing methods were dedicated to constructing sophisticated CNNs, inevitably ignoring the trade-off between performance and model complexity. To alleviate this paradox, this paper proposes a lightweight yet efficient network architecture, mixed-decomposed convolutional network (MDNet), to recognise ocular diseases. In MDNet, we introduce a novel mixed-decomposed depthwise convolution method, which takes advantage of depthwise convolution and depthwise dilated convolution operations to capture low-resolution and high-resolution patterns by using fewer computations and fewer parameters. We conduct extensive experiments on the clinical anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), LAG, University of California San Diego, and CIFAR-100 datasets. The results show our MDNet achieves a better trade-off between the performance and model complexity than efficient CNNs including MobileNets and MixNets. Specifically, our MDNet outperforms MobileNets by 2.5% of accuracy by using 22% fewer parameters and 30% fewer computations on the AS-OCT dataset.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCAAI Transactions on Intelligence Technology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • artificial intelligence
  • deep learning
  • deep neural networks
  • image analysis
  • image classification
  • medical applications
  • medical image processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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