Mitigating Lattice Distortion of High-Voltage LiCoO2 via Core-Shell Structure Induced by Cationic Heterogeneous Co-Doping for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Zezhou Lin, Ke Fan, Tiancheng Liu, Zhihang Xu, Gao Chen, Honglei Zhang, Hao Li, Xuyun Guo, Xi Zhang, Ye Zhu, Peiyu Hou, Haitao Huang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inactive elemental doping is commonly used to improve the structural stability of high-voltage layered transition-metal oxide cathodes. However, the one-step co-doping strategy usually results in small grain size since the low diffusivity ions such as Ti4+ will be concentrated on grain boundaries, which hinders the grain growth. In order to synthesize large single-crystal layered oxide cathodes, considering the different diffusivities of different dopant ions, we propose a simple two-step multi-element co-doping strategy to fabricate core–shell structured LiCoO2 (CS-LCO). In the current work, the high-diffusivity Al3+/Mg2+ ions occupy the core of single-crystal grain while the low diffusivity Ti4+ ions enrich the shell layer. The Ti4+-enriched shell layer (~ 12 nm) with Co/Ti substitution and stronger Ti–O bond gives rise to less oxygen ligand holes. In-situ XRD demonstrates the constrained contraction of c-axis lattice parameter and mitigated structural distortion. Under a high upper cut-off voltage of 4.6 V, the single-crystal CS-LCO maintains a reversible capacity of 159.8 mAh g−1 with a good retention of ~ 89% after 300 cycles, and reaches a high specific capacity of 163.8 mAh g−1 at 5C. The proposed strategy can be extended to other pairs of low- (Zr4+, Ta5+, and W6+, etc.) and high-diffusivity cations (Zn2+, Ni2+, and Fe3+, etc.) for rational design of advanced layered oxide core–shell structured cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalNano-Micro Letters
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Core–shell structure
  • Heterogeneous co-doping
  • High-voltage stability
  • LiCoO
  • Lithium-ion battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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