Microstructure and properties of aluminium-aluminium oxide graded composite materials

F. F. Kamaruzaman, D. M. Nuruzzaman, N. M. Ismail, Z. Hamedon, A. K.M.A. Iqbal, A. Azhari

Research output: Journal PublicationConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this research works, four-layered aluminium-aluminium oxide (Al-Al2O3) graded composite materials were fabricated using powder metallurgy (PM) method. In processing, metal-ceramic graded composite materials of 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% weight percentage of ceramic concentration were prepared under 30 ton compaction load using a cylindrical die-punch set made of steel. After that, two-step pressureless sintering was carried out at sintering temperature and time 600C and 3 hours respectively. It was observed that the sintered cylindrical specimens of 30 mm diameter were prepared successfully. The graded composite specimens were analysed and the properties such as density, microstructure and hardness were measured. It was found that after sintering process, the diameter of the graded cylindrical structure was decreased. Using both Archimedes method and rule of mixture (ROM), he density of structure was measured. The obtained results revealed that the microvickers hardness was increased as the ceramic component increases in the graded layer. Moreover, it was observed that the interface of the graded structure is clearly distinguished within the multilayer stack and the ceramic particles are almost uniformly distributed in the Al matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012046
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event4th Asia Pacific Conference on Manufacturing Systems and the 3rd International Manufacturing Engineering Conference, APCOMS-iMEC 2017 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Dec 20178 Dec 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Engineering (all)


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