Mechanochemical approach in the synthesis of activated carbons from waste tyres and its hydrogen storage applications

Khavharendwe M. Rambau, Nicholas M. Musyoka, Ncholu Manyala, Jianwei Ren, Henrietta W. Langmi

Research output: Journal PublicationConference articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The increase in waste tyres has led scientist in the quest for finding various ways for minimizing problems associated with their disposal. The sought solutions are not only meant to be environmentally friendly but also be able to boost the economy. Pyrolysis of waste tyres is one of the preferred ways of recycling waste tyres since it gives valuable products such as pyrolysis oil, gas and solid char. Solid char has low surface area and contains inorganic traces that disadvantage it from competing with commercial carbon black. The aim of this study was to apply the mechanochemical approach, which is the compaction of the solid char with an activating agent before the activation process in order to increase reactive sites. The solid char was initially treated with water, HF and HNO3 prior to the mechanochemical approach. The obtained materials were analysed using EDS, XRD and FTIR. The textural properties were also studied using N2 sorption isotherms. The HNO3 washed and compactivated CB had the highest surface area of 955.20 m2/g and also the highest H2 storage capacity of 1.4 wt. % at 1 bar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10505-10513
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event1st Africa Energy Materials Conference, AEMC 2017 - Pretoria, South Africa
Duration: 28 Mar 201731 Mar 2017


  • Compactivation
  • Mechanochemical
  • Solid char
  • Waste tyres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)


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