Magnetic Field Modeling and Analysis of Spherical Actuator with Two-dimensional Longitudinal Camber Halbach Array

Liang Yan, Yinghuang Liu, Lu Zhang, Jiao Zongxia, Chris Gerada

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Magnet arrangement is important for the design of electromagnetic actuators. One novel spherical actuator with two-dimensional (2D) longitudinal camber Halbach array and iron stator is proposed in this paper to improve the tilting output performance. The employment of 2D longitudinal camber Halbach array complicates the magnetic field distribution in actuator space and raises the challenge of analytical modeling. One superposition modeling method is thus proposed to formulate the magnetic field distribution mathematically. The magnet array is divided into radial and tangential directions, the mathematical models are obtained individually, and the superposition principle is utilized to achieve analytical model of the actuator magnetic field eventually. This generic method helps to improve the modeling precision, and could be utilized for magnetic field analysis of electromagnetic actuator with various magnet patterns. One research prototype and one experimental apparatus have been developed. It is verified that the proposed analytical model fits with experimental results and numerical computation well, which will contribute to subsequent study of motion control algorithms. The study also shows that the proposed structure can increase the radial component of flux density and torque output compared with conventional magnet pattern.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Actuators
  • Magnet array
  • Magnetic analysis
  • Magnetic field model
  • Magnetic flux
  • Magnetic flux density
  • Magnetic separation
  • Rotors
  • Spherical actuator
  • Stators
  • Two dimensional displays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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