Soil liquefaction can be induced by natural events that entail complicated loading directions and magnitudes. To investigate the liquefaction behaviour of granular material under complex loading conditions, a series of strain-controlled cyclic simple shear tests are conducted on the uniform-sized glass beads. These tests include uni-directional and multi-directional loading paths. An energy-based method is used to assist the understanding of the cyclic behaviour of the specimens. After the first liquefaction happens, the specimens are re-consolidated and subjected to monotonic undrained shearing to investigate their post-liquefaction behaviour. The test results indicate that the specimens subjected to multi-directional cyclic shearing are more prone to liquefy than those under uni-directional loading. Furthermore, the cyclic shear strain amplitude and cyclic loading path have significant influences on the soil liquefaction resistance, re-consolidation volumetric strain and post-liquefaction shear strength. Nevertheless, the total energy that is dissipated for liquefying a specimen is only dependent on its relative density.
- Multi-directional cyclic simple shear
- energy dissipation
- granular material
- liquefaction and post-liquefaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ocean Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology