Linearized lattice Boltzmann Method for time periodic electro-osmotic flows in micro- And nanochannels

Yong Shi, Hang Kang, Yong Ren, Yue Chan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Time periodic electro-osmosis (TPEO) is a popular means to pump liquids or manipulate species of interest in today's micro- and nanofluidic devices. In this article, we propose a double distribution-function lattice Boltzmann (LB) model to describe its oscillatory flows coupled with electrokinetics in micro- and nanochannels. To remove advective effects, we derive the LB model from a linearized Boltzmann Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook-like equation and formulate its equations depending on the alternating current (AC) frequency, instead of time. This treatment facilitates a direct comparison of the LB results to experimental measurements in practical applications. We assessed accuracy of the proposed frequency-based Linearized LB model by simulating time periodic electro-osmotic flows (TPEOFs) with a thin and a thick electric double layer (EDL) at different Stokes parameters. The results are in excellent agreement with analytical solutions. The model was used to simulate TPEOFs with various EDL thicknesses and those driven by an AC electric field combined with an oscillatory pressure gradient. The simulations show distinct distributions of the electric potential and solution velocity subject to different length ratios and frequency ratios in the flows and interesting flow responses to compounding influences of the applied electric and mechanical driving fields. Importantly, diverse vortex patterns and vorticity variations were also revealed for TPEOFs in heterogeneously charged channels. These results demonstrate that the LB model developed in this article can well capture rich TPEO flow characteristics in micro- and nanochannels. It is effective for design and optimization of TPEO-based micro- and nanofluidic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number082006
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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