Lattice-matched III-nitride structures comprising BAlN, BGaN, and AlGaN for ultraviolet applications

Feras Alqatari, Muhammad Sajjad, Ronghui Lin, Kuang Hui Li, Udo Schwingenschlögl, Xiaohang Li

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The optical properties of BAlN, BGaN and AlGaN ternary alloys are investigated using hybrid density functional for the design of lattice-matched optical structures in the ultraviolet spectrum. The calculated AlGaN properties agree well with previous reports, validating the model. A peculiar non-monotonic behavior of the refractive index as a function of the boron composition is found. The results of this calculation are interpolated to generate a three-dimensional dataset, which can be employed for designing a countless number of lattice-matched and -mismatched heterostructures. These heterostructures could span a range of operating wavelengths well into the deep ultraviolet with refractive indices ranging from 1.98 to 2.41 for AlN at 0 eV and GaN near the GaN bandgap, respectively. An example is shown where a lattice-matched heterostructure, AlN/B0.108Ga0.892N, is applied for DBR applications with a large index difference. A DBR comprising the AlN/B0.108Ga0.892N heterostructure at the UV wavelength of 375 nm is found to exceed 93% peak reflectivity with only 10 pairs and reaches 100% reflectivity with 35 pairs. For a chosen design with 25 pairs, the DBR has a peak reflectivity of 99.8% and a bandwidth of 26 nm fulfilling the requirements of most devices especially ultraviolet vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number086202
JournalMaterials Research Express
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • absorption index
  • BAlN
  • BGaN
  • refractive index
  • strain-free DBR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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