In order to find out the ribs with the best anti-erosion efficiency, the erosion effects in three 90° duct bend gas-solid flows with different ribs are investigated and compared with that in the bare bend. Three different kinds of ribs are studied, which have square cross section, isosceles right-angled triangle shape cross section and isosceles triangle shape cross section, respectively. The arrangement and the geometry dimensions of the ribs are the same. The gas phase flow field is solved by the large eddy simulation technique considering the interaction between the gas and the particles, whereas the particles are tracked by Lagrangian method. The results exhibit that the erosion rates of all the ribbed bends are greatly reduced due to the adding of the ribs compared with that of the bare bend. Among the three different kinds of ribs, the isosceles right-angled triangle ribs have the highest anti-erosion ability. The reason is that the particle impact velocity on the walls in the isosceles right-angled triangle ribbed bends is decreased to the utmost and the corresponding particle impact angle is altered adequately due to the special shape of the ribs. In addition, the rib erosion rate, the sidewall erosion rate and the bend wall erosion rate are calculated separately. It is found that the rib erosion rate is half of the wall erosion rate, and the sidewall erosion rate is so low that it can be omitted compared with the bend wall erosion rate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Aerospace Engineering
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Mechanical Engineering