High-frequency (HF) switching and ac-side unbalanced loads challenge smart transformer (ST)-fed hybrid grids (both ac and dc), causing common-mode (CM) voltage variations and dc-link oscillation. The HF switching introduces an HF CM voltage and the ac grid unbalanced loads introduce a fundamental frequency CM voltage in hybrid grids. The CM voltage in ST-fed distributed grids degrades the power quality, threatens the safety of the connected devices, and potentially constitutes a health risk for the operators of such devices. Therefore, this paper systematically analyzes the root causes of the ST CM voltage variations and the impacts on hybrid grids. Based on the two typical configurations (three- and four-leg converters), the performance and requirements of CM inductor filter and bypass CM filter on HF CM voltage suppression are studied in detail. By considering the CM voltage suppression and dc capacitor lifetime, a four-leg converter with improved modulation strategy and small dc bypass film capacitor is proposed. The simulation and experimental results clearly verify the feasibility and correctness of the proposed strategies.
- Common-mode (CM) voltage
- smart transformer (ST)
- three-phase four-leg converter
- three-phase four-wire system
- unbalanced three-phase loads
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering