Intelligent Reflecting Surface Assisted Wireless Powered Sensor Networks for Internet of Things

Zheng Chu, Zhengyu Zhu, Fuhui Zhou, Miao Zhang, Naofal Al-Dhahir

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) aided wireless powered sensor network (WPSN). Specifically, a power station (PS) provides wireless energy to multiple internet of thing (IoT) devices which supports them to deliver their own messages to an access point (AP). Moreover, we deploy an IRS to enhance the performance of the WPSN by intelligently adjusting the phase shift of each reflecting element. To evaluate the performance of the IRS assisted WPSN, we maximize its sum throughput to jointly optimize the phase shift matrices and the transmission time allocations. Due to the non-convexity of the formulated optimization problem, we first derive the optimal phase shifts of the wireless information transfer (WIT) in closed-form. Consequently, a semi-definite programming (SDP) relaxed approach is considered to jointly design the phase shift matrix of the wireless energy transfer (WET) and the transmission time allocations. In addition, we propose a low complexity scheme to gain insights and reduce the computational complexity incurred by the SDP relaxed scheme. Specifically, the optimal solutions of the phase shifts and the transmission time allocation are derived in closed-form by the Majorization-Minimization (MM) algorithm, the Lagrange dual method and the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions. Finally, numerical results are presented to validate the proposed schemes and confirm the beneficial role of the IRS in comparison to the benchmark schemes, where the proposed IRS assisted scheme achieves almost 100% higher sum throughput, in comparison to the counterpart without IRS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9409104
Pages (from-to)4877-4889
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • phase shift
  • wireless powered sensor network (WPSN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Intelligent Reflecting Surface Assisted Wireless Powered Sensor Networks for Internet of Things'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this