Incidence of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in burn intensive care unit: A systematic review

Tahir Mehmood Khan, Yee Leng Kok, Allah Bukhsh, Learn Han Lee, Kok Gan Chan, Bey Hing Goh

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Burn victims admitted in burn intensive care units (ICU) are at a high risk of nosocomial infections generated by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This systematic review aims to estimate the incidence of MRSA among burn patients admitted to the ICU setting, with an emphasis on the incidence rate and antibiotic resistance profile of the MRSA strains. Methods A systematic literature search was performed in five electronic databases limited to publication dates from 1st January 2000 until 31st August 2017. After screening n=481 articles, n=21 were found to meet the inclusion criteria of this systematic review. Results Results from the meta-analysis revealed that the risk for MRSA isolates in the burn ICU was 55.0% higher (OR 0.55, 95%CI 0.32-0.94). Therefore, timely testing, appropriate hygiene practice and suggested wound care must be practiced while handling such patients. Conclusion Further studies are needed to identify the risk factors of MRSA infections among burn patients and to develop new antimicrobial agents for MRSA infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-125
Number of pages13
JournalGERMS
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistant
  • Burn
  • Meta-analysis
  • Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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