Impact of Stator Interturn Short Circuit Position on End Winding Vibration in Synchronous Generators

Yu Ling He, Ming Xing Xu, Wen Zhang, Xiao Long Wang, Peng Lu, Chris Gerada, David Gerada

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a comprehensive analysis on the end winding vibration characteristics due to different stator inter-turn short circuit (SISC) positions in synchronous generators. Different from other studies, this article not only pays attention to the effect of SISC on the end winding electromagnetic forces, but also considers the impact of the short circuit position, which is related to the static air-gap eccentricity, on the end winding vibrations at the meantime. The whole work is based on the qualitatively theoretical analysis, the finite element analysis (FEA), and the experimental validation on a 6-pole synchronous generator. The study shows that SISC will considerably enlarge the electromagnetic force and intensify the radial vibration of the end winding, especially at 100 Hz, 200 Hz and 300 Hz. The closer the short circuit position is to the minimum air-gap point, the more severe the end winding vibration will be.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9186811
Pages (from-to)713-724
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • end winding vibration
  • short circuit position
  • static air gap eccentricity (SAGE)
  • stator inter-turn short circuit (SISC)
  • Synchronous generator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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