Prevalence of smoking is particularly high among individuals with low socioeconomic status and who may be receiving Medicaid benefits. This study evaluates the public health and economic impact of providing coverage for nicotine replacement therapy with no out-of-pocket cost to the adult Medicaid population in Alabama, Georgia, and Maine, in 2012. We estimated the increase in the number of quitters and the savings in Medicaid medical expenditures associated with expanding Medicaid coverage of nicotine replacement therapy to the entire adult Medicaid population in the 3 states. With an expansion of Medicaid coverage of nicotine replacement therapy from only pregnant women to all adult Medicaid enrollees, the state of Alabama might expect 1873 to 2810 additional quitters ($526 203 and $789 305 in savings of annual Medicaid expenditures from both federal and state funds), Georgia 2911 to 4367 additional quits ($1 455 606 and $2 183 409 savings), and Maine 1511 to 2267 additional quits in ($431 709 and $647 564 savings). The expansion of coverage for smoking cessation therapy with no out-of-pocket cost could reduce Medicaid expenditures in all 3 states.
- Affordable Care Act
- economic impact
- public health impact
- reducing out-of-pocket costs for smoking cessation treatments
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health