Impact of calcium on biofilm morphology, structure, detachment and performance in denitrifying fluidized bed bioreactors (DFBBRs)

Ahmed Eldyasti, George Nakhla, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of calcium concentrations on the biofilm morphology, structure, detachment and denitrification efficiency in denitrifying fluidized bed bioreactors (DFBBRs) was investigated. The DFBBRs were operated on a synthetic municipal wastewater at five different calcium concentrations ranging from the typical Ca2+ concentration of the tap water (20mg Ca2+/L) to 240mg Ca2+/L at two different C/N ratios of 5 and 3.5 in phases I and II, respectively for a period of 200days. Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), Ca2+ concentration, water quality parameters, and microscopic images were monitored regularly in both phases. Calcium concentrations played a significant role in biofilm morphology with the detachment rates for R120Ca (bioreactor with a Ca2+ concentration of 120mg/L), R180Ca, and R240Ca 90% and 70% lower than for R20Ca and R60Ca, respectively. The optimum influent calcium concentration at both organic and nitrogen loading rates was 120mg Ca2+/L, with higher concentrations exhibiting fractured and weak biofilms. Specific denitrification rates did not change with changing the C/N ratio at elevated Ca2+ concentration bioreactors while with lower Ca2+ concentrations, the specific denitrification rates dropped by 20-40%. Nutrients and Ca2+ mass balances were closed with reasonable accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-195
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume232
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biofilm morphology
  • Calcium
  • Denitrification
  • Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS)
  • Fluidized bed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of calcium on biofilm morphology, structure, detachment and performance in denitrifying fluidized bed bioreactors (DFBBRs)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this