Ideal three-dimensional electrode structures for electrochemical energy storage

Sakineh Chabi, Chuang Peng, Di Hu, Yanqiu Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

225 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional electrodes offer great advantages, such as enhanced ion and electron transport, increased material loading per unit substrate area, and improved mechanical stability upon repeated charge-discharge. The origin of these advantages is discussed and the criteria for ideal 3D electrode structure are outlined. One of the common features of ideal 3D electrodes is the use of a 3D carbon- or metal-based porous framework as the structural backbone and current collector. The synthesis methods of these 3D frameworks and their composites with redox-active materials are summarized, including transition metal oxides and conducting polymers. The structural characteristics and electrochemical performances are also reviewed. Synthesis of composite 3D electrodes is divided into two types - template-assisted and template-free methods - depending on whether a pre-made template is required. The advantages and drawbacks of both strategies are discussed. Ideal 3D electrodes offer kinetics and mass transport advantages in electrochemical energy storage. The common features of ideal 3D electrodes are summarized and recent advances in both template-assisted and template-free synthesis, as well as the electrode performance, are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2440-2445
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2014


  • 3D electrodes
  • energy storage
  • ion diffusion and electron transport length
  • template-assisted synthesis
  • template-free synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Ideal three-dimensional electrode structures for electrochemical energy storage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this