Hydrodynamics of inverse liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed

Tian Nan, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrodynamics of inverse liquid–solid circulating fluidized bed (ILSCFB) is comprehensively studied with five types of low-density particles in a long experimental column of 5.4 m tall. The flow patterns observed mirror those of upright LSCFB under similar conditions. Axial distribution of solids holdup is uniform and radial solids holdup is also generally uniform but with some dilute region existing near the wall. The average solids holdup increases with Us while decreases with Ul. The effect of particle properties on the fluidization appears to be less extensive. The relationship between slip velocity and solids holdup in ILSCFB and inverse conventional fluidized bed is different. Clustering effect in liquid–solid circulating fluidized beds is first investigated. Particles with small particle Reynolds number tend to have more severe clustering as shown by the higher slip velocity. A modified Richardson-Zaki equation is developed for the prediction of solids holdup in inverse liquid–solid circulating fluidized bed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117187
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Circulating fluidized bed
  • Inverse fluidization
  • Liquid–solid fluidization
  • Richardson-Zaki equation
  • Slip velocity
  • Solids holdup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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