Hydrodynamics of a gas-driven gas-liquid-solid spouted bed with a draft tube

Jia Meng, Dominic Pjontek, Ziyue Hu, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A cylindrical gas-liquid-solid spouted bed, driven exclusively by gas flow, has been developed with a high potential for use in biochemical processes, such as a biological wastewater treatment. A plexiglass column with a 152 mm inner diameter was used in combination with a 53 mm inner diameter plexiglass draft tube. Three particle types were studied with densities ranging from 1044 kg/m3-1485 kg/m3 and average particle sizes ranging from 0.7-2.5 mm. Four flow regimes were observed when increasing the gas velocity, including fixed bed, semispouted bed, full spouted bed, and internal circulating fluidized bed. The transition gas velocities between those regimes were experimentally measured and termed as minimum spouting velocity, full spouting velocity, and minimum circulating velocity, respectively. A measurement of the downward particle flux in the annulus was used to identify the minimum spouting velocity, while the particle velocity and dense phase retraction in the annulus were monitored for the full spouting and minimum circulating velocities. All regime transition velocities increased with more dense particles and longer draft tubes. The minimum spouting velocity and full spouting velocity were not affected when varying the nozzle-tube gap, while the minimum circulating velocity increased with longer nozzle-tube gaps. Experiments without a draft tube were carried, though the spouting stability was significantly reduced without the draft tube.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2545-2556
Number of pages12
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • draft tube
  • flow regimes
  • gas-driven spouted bed
  • gas-liquid-solid spouted bed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)


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