Hybrid Wi-Fi and BLE Fingerprinting Dataset for Multi-Floor Indoor Environments with Different Layouts

Aina Nadhirah Nor Hisham, Yin Hoe Ng, Chee Keong Tan, David Chieng

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Indoor positioning has garnered significant interest over the last decade due to the rapidly growing demand for location-based services. As a result, a multitude of techniques has been proposed to localize objects and devices in indoor environments. Wireless fingerprinting, which leverages machine learning, has emerged as one of the most popular positioning approaches due to its low implementation cost. The prevailing fingerprinting-based positioning mainly utilizes wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) and Bluetooth low energy (BLE) signals. However, the RSS of Wi-Fi and BLE signals are very sensitive to the layout of the indoor environment. Thus, any change in the indoor layout could potentially lead to severe degradation in terms of localization performance. To foster the development of new positioning methods, several open-source location fingerprinting datasets have been made available to the research community. Unfortunately, none of these public datasets provides the received signal strength (RSS) measurements for indoor environments with different layouts. To fill this gap, this paper presents a new hybrid Wi-Fi and BLE fingerprinting dataset for multi-floor indoor environments with different layouts to facilitate the future development of new fingerprinting-based positioning systems that can provide adaptive positioning performance in dynamic indoor environments. Additionally, the effects of indoor layout change on the location fingerprint and localization performance are also investigated. Dataset: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7306455

Original languageEnglish
Article number156
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Bluetooth low energy
  • indoor positioning
  • location fingerprint
  • received signal strength
  • wireless fidelity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems and Management


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