HIV/AIDS awareness and knowledge among Ghanaian women of reproductive age: what are the correlates?

Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Emmanuel A. Codjoe, Samuel Ampaw

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the predictors of HIV/AIDS awareness and knowledge among older and younger Ghanaian women of reproductive age. Logistic regression was estimated using the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data. Results indicate that older Ghanaian women are significantly different from their younger counterparts in terms of the selected socio-economic and demographic characteristics that influence awareness and knowledge of the epidemic. In all, the respondents’ age, region of residence, wealth status, education, marital status and religious affiliation were found to significantly predict knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS among women. In addition, pregnancy status and place of residence proved to be significant correlates of HIV/AIDS awareness among Ghanaian women. The study suggests that higher social status is critical in determining whether women of reproductive age are aware of and knowledgeable about the epidemic. Thus, there is the need for policies and interventions to target messages taking into account the varied socio-economic and demographic backgrounds of women in Ghana. Further, health education interventions should be sensitive to the changing technological landscape in order to develop messages that can be delivered via mobile phones, whether as reminders or ringtones, and therefore enhance health knowledge and promote behaviour that brings about desirable health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-281
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Asian and African Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • awareness and knowledge
  • Ghana
  • logistic regression
  • women of reproductive age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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