Highly efficient dye removal and lysozyme purification using strong and weak cation-exchange nanofiber membranes

Dinh Thi My Huong, Bing Lan Liu, Wai Siong Chai, Pau Loke Show, Shen Long Tsai, Yu Kaung Chang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Electrospinning technology was applied for the preparation of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber membrane in this work. After hot pressing, alkaline hydrolysis and neutralization treatment, a weak acid cation exchange membrane (P-COOH) was prepared. By the covalent coupling reaction between the acidic membrane and aminomethane sulfonic acid (AMSA), a strong acidic nanofiber membrane (P-SO3H) was obtained. The surface morphology, chemical structure, and thermal stability of the prepared ion exchange membranes were analyzed via SEM, FTIR and TGA. Analytical results showed that the membranes were prepared successfully and thermally stable. The ion exchange membrane (IEX) was conducted with the newly designed membrane reactor, and different operating conditions affecting the adsorption efficiency of Toluidine Blue dye (TBO) were investigated by dynamic flow process. The results showed that dynamic binding capacity (DBC) of weak and strong IEX membranes for TBO dye was ~170 mg/g in a dynamic flow process. Simultaneously, the ion exchange membranes were also used for purifying lysozyme from chicken egg white (CEW). Results illustrated that the recovery yield and purification factor of lysozyme were 93.43% and 29.23 times (P-COOH); 90.72% and 36.22 times (P-SO3H), respectively. It was revealed that two type ion exchange membranes were very suitable as an adsorber for use in dye waste treatment and lysozyme purification process. P-SO3H strong ion-exchange membrane was more effective either removal of TBO dye or purification of lysozyme. The ion exchange membranes not only effectively purified lysozyme from CEW solution, but also effectively removed dye from wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1410-1421
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Dye wastewater treatment
  • Lysozyme purification
  • Polyamine nanofiber membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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