Highly Efficient and Selective Adsorption of Cationic Dyes in Aqueous Media on Microporous Hyper Crosslinked Polymer with Abundant and Evenly Dispersed Sulfonic Groups

Gang Xiong, Qian Zhang, Baoyi Ren, Lixin You, Fu Ding, Yongke He, Xiaolei Fan, Na Wang, Yaguang Sun

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To significantly promote the adsorption efficiency of dyes from aqueous media, a microporous hyper-crosslinked polymer with abundant and evenly-dispersed sulfonic groups acted as efficient and selective sites (HCP-1) was synthesized via Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction from a simple Schiff-based monomer containing sulfonic groups. HCP-1 possessed micro-plate morphology with the thickness of about 200 nm and high specific surface area of ∼1,111 m2 g−1. HCP-1 displayed good adsorption capacities toward cationic dyes methylene blue (MB, 1,602.2 mg g−1) and basic blue 7 (BB7, 496.7 mg g−1) at 25 °C, but no adsorption capacity to anionic dye methyl orange (MO), showing charge selectivity. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model were suitable for the describing adsorption process. The negative ΔG0 values and the positive ΔH0 values indicated that adsorption was spontaneous and endothermic. HCP-1 still maintained adsorption efficiency of above 96% during five cycles. On the whole, HCP-1 is an efficient and promising material in the future research and application in the purification of water polluted by cationic dyes. Furthermore, this work also develops a new strategy to directly synthesize porous HCPs containing abundant and evenly-dispersed sulfonic groups on inner surface by designing suitable organic monomers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6541-6548
Number of pages8
JournalChemistrySelect
Volume5
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Cationic dyes
  • Hyper-crosslinked polymers
  • microporous materials
  • Selective adsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)

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