High Speed Synchronous Reluctance Machines: Modeling, Design and Limits

Gianvito Gallicchio, Mauro Di Nardo, Marco Palmieri, Alessandro Marfoli, Michele Degano, Chris Gerada, Francesco Cupertino

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


An important barrier to the adoption and acceptance of synchronous reluctance (SyR) machines in different applications lies in their non-standardized design procedure. The conflicting requirements incurring at high speeds among electromagnetic torque and structural and thermal limitations can significantly influence the machine performance, leading to a real design challenge. Analytical models used for design purpose lack in accuracy and force the designer to heavily rely on finite element analysis (FEA), at least during the design refinement stage. This becomes even more computationally expensive as the speed increases, as the evaluation of the rotor structural behaviour is required. This work presents a computationally efficient hybrid analytical-FE design process able to consider all the main limiting design aspects of SyR machine incurring at high speed, namely structural and thermal. As a vessel to investigate the proposed design routine accuracy, several high speed SyR machines have been designed for a wide range of operational speeds (up to 70 krpm). The thermal and mechanical factors limiting the high speed operation are deeply analyzed aiming at maximize the mechanical output power. The proposed design approach is then validated by comparison against experimental measurements on a 5 kW-50 krpm SyR prototype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-597
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Analytical design
  • finite element analysis
  • high speed
  • iron bridges
  • iron losses
  • structural rotor design
  • synchronous reluctance machines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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